Fourteenth Business Meeting
Fifty-ninth General Conference session, July 2, 2010, 9:15 a.m.
RAY HOUSE: [Opening Prayer.]
NOVO TOM: [Worship in music.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Elder Mark Finley will now lead us into the time of our spiritual emphasis.
MARK A. FINLEY: The highlight of the New Testament church is the book of Acts, and as you read the book of Acts you are impressed with the earnestness of the prayers of the New Testament church and the believers. And as we have done each morning, I want to focus your mind on Acts 4:31, as we take a brief look at it as a subject matter for our prayers. Acts 4:31 says, “And when they had prayed, the place where they assembled together was shaken, and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness” (NKJV).
I am impressed with the first few words, “And when they had prayed.” Something took place when they prayed that had not taken place before they prayed. Prayer was not perfunctory. Prayer was not something that was tacked on to the beginning of a meeting. Prayer was not a mechanical ritual. “And when they had prayed, the place . . . was shaken.” In The Great Controversy Ellen White says that God will “grant us, in answer to the prayer of faith, that which He would not bestow did we not thus ask” (p. 525).
The second portion of the passage says, “They spoke the word . . . with boldness.” Prayer provided the inner moving of the Holy Spirit to transform their lives, so that they could speak powerfully, God’s Word in mission. So prayer became for the early church the basis, the foundation, the power, of witness. As we kneel to pray today, let’s open our hearts to God and say, “God, may these next few minutes be more than a ritual, more than perfunctory, more than something we do at the beginning of the meeting. May the Spirit of God come down and make a difference in our hearts and lives, because we prayed. May the business be different, because we prayed; may our commitment to witness and mission be different, because we prayed. O God, do something special in these next few moments.”
As we come to the end of our prayer session, I’ve asked Elder Wilson, our General Conference president, to climax these prayer sessions that we’ve had all week, but praying for the church. So let us kneel together in groups of two and three and pray. [Prayer session.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: We appreciate the spirit with which we have conducted our meetings. I would, at the beginning of this business session, just remind us that we have an agreement that we will not applaud at the end of any comment. I think we understand the reason for that. Occasionally there are some who want to show their support, but I just want to remind us of that because of this type of business meeting you will have different opinions. To respect those who are speaking and those of other positions, it’s just better if we do not have any applause.
May I also remind you to remember that as items come to the floor, delegates should speak one time to the issue on the floor. We’ve had comments back that there are others who would like speak. So let’s just remember to respect others who may want to talk that we, when it comes to an item, limit our comment to one time, for there are others who may want to speak.
Also, before we begin our business for the day, I believe that we have a couple items that we need to report back from the Steering Committee. Before I get into the details of that, I would make the comment that it is such a thrill for me personally to see, gathered in the auditorium, more than 150 nations and to see the church come together and do business. And there is an appreciation I think we have for each other because of our common hope—the common message and the common promise that Jesus is coming. So as we hear the comments there’s respect on the floor. We have had comments made and suggestions that have gone back to the Steering Committee. They have not been mentioned just once, nor has this been the first General Conference session in which they have been mentioned. From the chair we have said that these items would be considered by the Steering Committee. I know the items that have been referred back are very important items. I want to give you a report back from the Steering Committee. First of all, repeatedly, we have had an expression from the floor, that there needs to be a larger involvement by youth and women in the process, the business, and the involvement of the church. And I wish you could have been at the Steering Committee this morning and heard the spirit. It was a little like a testimonial meeting. It encouraged me. The leaders who have been elected in this church to serve at the General Conference level and the division level are committed to the expression that has been voiced on the floor. They want to pursue a greater involvement of women and young adults and youth in the business and the decision-making entities of the church. They want to do that specifically through three areas, and they are making this commitment to have them more involved in leadership and educational training.
Second, they are committed to having more opportunities for mentoring experiences.
Third, youth and women need to be more involved in the mission and discipling endeavors of the church. This is a commitment that I heard them make, and I believe they will fulfill that. There was one additional item that I think is vital to the report back from the Steering Committee. They are committed to a further analysis of the membership and the structural policies pertaining to important church positions and functions in the church. They are committed to examining that, and I think they have heard the voice of the church. I am convinced from hearing the discussion this morning that we will begin to see change in this area—I think this should come as encouragement. A second item was mentioned on the floor—this actually has been mentioned several times. This was regarding the subject of ordination, and someone had made a particular suggestion to the Steering Committee. This was discussed again, and I believe the leaders of the church are aware that this is an issue in the church. One could see the sincerity, the spirit of prayer, the seriousness with which that topic was discussed. I would just give this brief report, a reaction from the Steering Committee. The General Conference administration recognizes that the theology, the function, and practice of ordination is an important facet of church life. There is no one there who is saying, “This is insignificant. We are going to ignore it.” I think all there recognized that this is an important facet. The General Conference administration commits to establishing a process to review the subject of ordination and will report back to an Annual Council during this quinquennium. I know some would like to see immediate reaction on the floor here, but there a lot of voices on this subject, from many places around the world. There are many people who need to be brought into counsel on this. It is important that we make this commitment by responding to the voices of those who have spoken on the floor. We thank you for those comments, and you can look forward to seeing some progress.
We have a comment on microphone 4.
TOR EIGIL TJERANSEN: Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I just want to express appreciation for the fact that church leadership by the Steering Committee has brought back such a comprehensive report on the issue of youth and women representation. I just have one question: Will the report you just gave be part of the minutes of this meeting?
MICHAEL L. RYAN: I know that we have a recording, and that everything that is said in the business session—my comments, any comments—is recorded.
TOR EIGIL TJERANSEN: Thank you very much.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Microphone 1.
MARIO CARBAJAL FLORIDO: [Made an appeal that in the future the agenda be given out earlier, and in other languages.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you. As you know, all motions need to go through the Steering Committee, and I think that would go as a comment to them. We will not be having any more Steering Committee during this session, but those who are responsible for that have heard that comment. It is part of the record. I will go to the next speaker.
DAVID KOKIONG: I’d like to express my thanks and appreciation for the consideration and encouragement from the Steering Committee about the issue of greater youth representation. My question is Would there be a tangible way to measure progress among the different conferences, unions, and divisions? Thank you.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: I believe that if the full expression of the Steering Committee could be heard in this room, you would know that there is a commitment to take this issue seriously.
There’s a point of order. [After a point of order was dealt with, a question was asked regarding the rules for having a quorum.]
TODD MC FARLAND: You will recall that at the beginning of our meetings, Elder Bediako of the Secretariat of the General Conference declared that there was a quorum. I would refer you to Article V, Section 3, of the General Conference Constitution, which says, “Once the Session is declared open, the delegates remaining present shall constitute a quorum.” So there is a quorum here. There are delegates present, and once we meet the quorum at the beginning, all those present continue to operate as a quorum. Having said that, we do encourage everyone to attend.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you for your comment. John Fowler.
JOHN M. FOWLER: Mr. Chairman, I was once young—now I am old. And from the perspective of the old, let me say a few words, wise or otherwise. At every stage of my life, from teenage to youth, to young adulthood, to middle age, and now to old age, I have found my church responsive to my needs and ready to utilize my talents and my abilities. I have never felt deprived of participation in the mission and ministry of the leadership of the church. And when I say “church,” I do not necessarily mean the General Conference, or the division, or the union. I mean church as the body of Jesus Christ. From the local church to the division to the General Conference level. When the opportunity came, when the Spirit had prepared me and the leaders concerned, I found my church responsive, regardless of my age or my qualification or my status.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Shirley Chang, please.
SHIRLEY CHANG: This will be brief, but I do want to commend the Steering Committee, and also to emphasize the gratitude that I feel that the next quinquennium will focus on a review of the ordination of women, and I really know that I and many women will be praying that the Holy Spirit will guide our church. Thank you.
MOFFAT PHIRI: [Commented on the distribution of materials that possibly led delegates to prejudge certain issues.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you very much. Those comments have been noted. We are going to turn to our agenda. As you recall, we were working on the Constitution and Bylaws, and for your reference, I believe, we are going to take up the agenda on item 203, which is on page 35, and I will turn to the desk to lead us into that.
[It was decided to ensure that all delegates had received a handout with a revision of this item. In the meantime another item was handled.]
LARRY R. EVANS: Let’s go to 213 on the agenda. We have voted some of this already in reference to the General Conference; this is in reference to the division. I am just trying to review this; I was planning for the other one. Much of this is editorial.
[The proposed editorial changes were highlighted.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: I have a motion and a second. [The motion was voted.] Let’s move back to the other item. I believe that the distribution has been made.
LARRY R. EVANS: Thank you. Please note that item 203 deals with those individuals who shall be appointed at the first Annual Council following a session. [The specific positions were listed, after which the motion to adopt this was seconded and voted.]
Thank you. We will move now to item 205. The main issue begins: “When additions or changes to departments or association structures are implemented at times other than in connection with a General Conference Session, the General Conference Executive Committee at an Annual Council shall also address the staffing needs involved until the next General Conference Session.” This is simply saying that if a structure needs to be changed, if there are some departmental changes that need to be made based on current needs or some existing challenges, those staffing needs can be addressed by the Executive Committee. I move these changes, Mr. Chairman.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: It is seconded. Gina Brown, please.
GINA BROWN: I’m concerned that there’s only notification as opposed to ratifying the information in terms of departmental structures, which is very important. When it’s ratified at this level, then the church as a whole has an opportunity to speak to it. But if there’s only notification, then that means that it’s done on the General Conference level. I would ask that we would reconsider that it needed to be ratified at this type of body.
LOWELL C. COOPER: The language does not in any way change the authority of a session. This is our highest business authority in the church, and it would have the right at any time to instruct the General Conference Executive Committee to make changes in departmental structures or to revise decisions that had been made during the quinquennium. The issue is the ability of the General Conference Executive Committee to address departmental structural needs and services to the church during the course of a quinquennium.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you for that response. We are well aware that everything comes up for review by this body at the next General Conference session. So the delegates at the session would have the last word on it. I see a speaker at the microphone: Joan Saunders.
JOAN SAUNDERS: Thank you, Mr. Chairman. My comment is in reference to the same point. I think there’s a real difference between notifying the body and the body being able to ratify a decision. Ratification to me would involve discussion and also the agreement of the body. And for that reason I stand against the motion.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Do you have a comment, Elder Cooper?
LOWELL C. COOPER: Thank you, Mr. Chairman. The proposal to remove the word “ratification” and to replace it with “notification” stems from the question of whether or not a departmental change can be implemented prior to ratification. The interpretation up until this time has been that a departmental change can be implemented only after it is approved by a session. Removing the language of ratification and inserting the idea that a change can be approved and implemented by an Executive Committee with notification to the session still retains with the session the right to accept that notification or to change it. We felt that the language clarifies the ability of the General Conference Executive Committee to move ahead with changes that it feels are necessary for appropriate service to the world between sessions. But we are still preserving and recognizing the right of a session to exercise its judgment.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you. I see a speaker at microphone 5.
DRAGAN STOJANOVIC: We talked during this session about the involvement of youth and women in the activities of the church. As we discuss item 205, I see that we changed the names of some existing departments. I worked previously seven years with the Sabbath School Department, and I realize that in Europe, in North America, in Australia, the attendance during the Sabbath school is almost half of what we have during worship service. For more than 100 years we had full-time persons working to make our Sabbath school better and effective, but for more than 100 years we have had nobody at the General Conference level, or in our unions or conferences, to promote the quality of our worship services. So I would like to move that the General Conference Executive Committee study the opportunity to implement a worship department at all levels of the church. Thank you.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you, and we’ll take that as a comment. As you know, the Constitution does not allow us to take motions on the floor, but these points will go back to a committee for consideration. Thank you very much.
GERRY D. KARST: Mr. Chairman?
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Yes, I’ll take a comment from the desk.
GERRY D. KARST: [Made an explanation as to why the General Conference Executive Committee needs to be able to deal with unforeseen personnel situations in the period between sessions.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you.
LOWELL C. COOPER: It may resolve the nature of the questions, or the content of the questions, this morning if we said, “approved and implemented by action of the General Conference Executive Committee in Annual Council” and continue “subject to ratification at the next General Conference Session.” That may address the kinds of questions that are coming.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: I think that is an excellent comment. I think we all understand that the positions that are recommended for election at the General Conference session, that all of the names come back to this body for ratification. I wonder if the desk would be prepared to move that as an amendment.
GERRY D. KARST: Well, I think we’d prefer that to come from the floor. Somebody out there could move that as an amendment.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Microphone 4, Shirley Chang.
SHIRLEY CHANG: I would like to amend the changes that were suggested and to add the words “and continued subject to ratification at the next General Conference Session” and to delete “with notification to the next regular General Conference Session.”
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Very good. There is a motion—I see seconds all over the floor. Now we are speaking to the amendment, so I have a number of people at the microphone. [There was a question concerning the motion to amend.]
GERRY D. KARST: Could we invite Shirley Chang to come back to the microphone and state the motion for the amendment again?
SHIRLEY CHANG: I believe this is what I said: “I move to amend that we include the words ‘and continued subject to ratification at the next General Conference Session’ and to delete the next phrase, which is ‘with notification to the next regular General Conference Session.’”
GIL WEBB: Mr. Chairman, I support the amendment and move the previous question.
MICHAEL L. RYAN: That would be the previous question on the amendment. I see a second to that. Now we are voting on whether we want to take the vote on this immediately. This is not the vote on the amendment. [There was strong support to cease discussion.] We will immediately go to the amendment. Those in favor of the amendment, I ask you to show it by raising your voting cards. Thank you. Those that are opposed. [The amendment was approved.] We are back to the main motion. We will go to microphone 4.
MYRTLE PICKETT: What I’d like to address is the phrase “stewardship ministries.” I believe that is very appropriate, because the direction now is not just to have a department, but to have it as a ministry, where there is soul winning and outreach attached. So I would be in favor of using “stewardship ministries.”
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Thank you. I appreciate that comment. Very good. I don’t see any other names. We are ready to vote on the motion before us. We are familiar with that. Those in favor of the motion before us, show it by raising your card. Thank you. Those that are opposed, by the same sign. [The motion was approved.]
LARRY R. EVANS: Let’s go to page 53, item 214. We are simply using some technical terms here that the auditing field requested. You will notice that the key words here are “policy compliance test.” You’ll find the word “compliance” there in line 17, “policy compliance audit,” and they prefer the word “test”; and then you find in line 18 the same concept: “financial audit and policy compliance test.”
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Yes, I think this is just bringing the language up-to-date. I have a second. [The motion was approved.] [Several more undebated adjustments to the Constitution and Bylaws were approved.]
[A very long discussion ensued concerning page 57, lines 7 and 8, regarding the selection of laity and youth representation on the General Conference Executive Committee. This discussion was not finished at the close of the business session, and will continue at the next business session.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: We will take this up in the afternoon and continue the discussion on this. So I think the Secretariat has made note of where we are and we will keep the names that are on the list, and those individuals will be able to speak to this as the afternoon session begins. I would like to close our session, at least this part of it, with a benediction. So we invite you to bow your heads as we pray. [Closing prayer.]
GERRY D. KARST: [Prayer.]
GERRY D. KARST: Please be seated. Our Focus on Pastors speaker today is Dr. Israel Olaore. He was born 49 years ago in Accra, Ghana, by Nigerian parents. And he’s married to August Olaore, his wife of 23 years, and is the father of four sons. Israel was educated in Ghana, Nigeria, and the United States. He holds a Master of Arts in pastoral ministry from Andrews University; a Master of Arts and Theology from Fuller Seminary; and a Ph.D. in higher education administration from the University of Arizona. He has served the Seventh-day Adventist Church for the past 26 years, in various capacities in the West-Central Africa Division as a district pastor; a hospital chaplain; and most recently as the senior pastor of the university church and head of the division of spiritual life at Babcock University in Nigeria—a congregation and capacity group of more than 8,000 members who comprise 18 different worship centers on the two campuses. Before responding to a call to return to Babcock in 2006, he served in the North American Division as senior pastor of the University church in Los Angeles, California, in the Southern California Conference, and at the Tucson Sharon church in the Arizona Conference for a combined 12 years. He currently serves as the chief of staff to the president and vice-chancellor of Babcock University, with direct responsibilities as the head of the Presidency Division, comprising 10 directorates of the university’s central administration. We have with us this morning a man of experience, a man who is educated, a man who is committed to the church and God’s Word. Dr. Olaore, come to the desk.
ISRAEL OLAORE: [Sermon.]
MARK A. FINLEY: [Benediction.]
MICHAEL L. RYAN: Chair
CLAUDE SABOT, Secretary
CLAUDE SABOT, Proceedings Editor
REINDER BRUINSMA and LARRY COLBURN, Assistant Proceedings Editors
Fifty-ninth General Conference session, July 2, 2010, 9:15 a.m.
224-10GS DIVISION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES - CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS AMENDMENT
Provision is made to allow members of a division committee to participate via telephone conference calls or similar communication.
VOTED, To amend the General Conference Constitution and Bylaws, Bylaws, Article XIV—Division Executive Committees, to read as follows:
ARTICLE XIV—DIVISION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES
Sec. 1. In each division, a division executive committee shall be constituted - No change
Sec. 2. The ex-officio members of a division executive committee shall be - No change
Sec. 3. The actions taken by division executive committees pertaining to the administration of affairs in division territories shall be considered final, provided they are in harmony with the plans and policy of the General Conference as set forth in the Constitution and Bylaws and with General Conference Executive Committee actions.
Sec. 4. Five members of a division executive committee, including the chair, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of routine business. When the chair is unable to be present, the secretary may convene such a meeting at division headquarters and shall serve as chair. Minority meetings of fewer than five members of the division executive committee may be held for the transaction of necessary routine business, but actions taken at such meetings shall not be final until the minutes of such meetings have been approved in a meeting with a quorum present. A quorum of ten members or 25 percent of the committee membership, whichever is greater, is required for the disposition of nonroutine items such as major financial decisions, the dismissal of elected and appointed employees, and the appointment of union mission officers. To the extent permitted by applicable law, division executive committee members may participate in meetings by means of a telephone conference or similar communications by which all persons participating can hear each other at the same time, and participation by such means shall constitute presence in person at such a meeting.
Sec. 5. Notice as to time, place, and other requirements under these Bylaws of all division executive committee meetings shall be provided to all members in a reasonable manner appropriate for the jurisdiction.
205-10GSc APPOINTMENT - CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS AMENDMENT
The proposed amendment adds the appointment of boards and committees to the responsibilities of the General Conference Executive Committee.
VOTED, To amend the General Conference Constitution and Bylaws, Constitution, Article VII—Appointment, to read as follows:
ARTICLE VII—APPOINTMENT BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
The following shall be appointed at the first Annual Council of the Executive Committee following a regular session: a director of Archives and Statistics, a director and associate directors of the Biblical Research Institute, a director and research scientists of the Geoscience Research Institute, editors and associate editors for the principal denominational journals prepared at the General Conference, and any other non-departmental positions which have been established and filled by General Conference Executive Committee appointment. This Annual Council shall also appoint the membership of standing committees and various operating boards which have been established and filled by General Conference Executive Committee appointment.
205-10GSg DEPARTMENTS AND ASSOCIATIONS—DIRECTORS/SECRETARIES, ASSOCIATES, AND ASSISTANTS - CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS AMENDMENT
The following proposal amends the General Conference Bylaws by reflecting name changes of two departments and addresses changes to department or association structure which take place at times other than in connection with a General Conference Session.
VOTED, To amend the General Conference Constitution and Bylaws, Bylaws, Article X—Departments and Associations—Directors/Secretaries, Associates, and Assistants, to read as follows:
ARTICLE X—DEPARTMENTS AND ASSOCIATIONS—DIRECTORS/SECRETARIES, ASSOCIATES, AND ASSISTANTS
Sec. 1. Departmental and association directors/secretaries and associate directors/secretaries shall be elected by the General Conference Session and assistants shall be appointed as determined by the General Conference Executive Committee to serve the world Church through the Ministerial Association and the following departments: Adventist Chaplaincy Ministries, Children’s Ministries, Communication, Education, Family Ministries, Health Ministries, Public Affairs and Religious Liberty, Publishing Ministries, Sabbath School and Personal Ministries, Stewardship Ministries, Planned Giving and Trust Services, Women’s Ministries, and Youth Ministries.
Should changes to the departmental structure of the General Conference be deemed necessary, such changes may be approved and implemented by action of the General Conference Executive Committee in Annual Council and continued subject to ratification at the next General Conference Session. When additions or changes to department or association structures are implemented at times other than in connection with a General Conference Session, the General Conference Executive Committee at an Annual Council shall also address the staffing needs involved until the next General Conference Session.
Sec. 2. The departmental, association, agency, and service directors/secretaries shall work under the direction of the president and the General Conference Executive Committee. Departmental, association, agency, and service personnel shall function in an advisory capacity to the field.
Sec. 3. The term “associate director/secretary” shall - No change
Sec. 4. The term “assistant director/secretary” shall be used to designate those persons who are appointed as determined by the General Conference Executive Committee to assist the director/secretary and associates in any department, association, agency, or service in carrying out the work of the General Conference, usually in one or more special procedures or functions. Such persons, who shall work under the direction of their respective departmental, association, agency, or service directors/secretaries, shall fulfill these special assignments largely in the office and serve to expedite the work of the departmental, association, agency, or service staff. Field appointments for assistants shall be of a very limited nature.
Sec. 5. Departmental and association directors/secretaries, associates, and - No change
225-10GS AUDIT OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE - CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS AMENDMENT
The purpose of the proposed amendment is to more correctly reflect nomenclature for the work done for an annual compliance review.
VOTED, To amend the General Conference Constitution and Bylaws, Bylaws, Article XV—Audit of the General Conference, to read as follows:
ARTICLE XV—AUDIT OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE
The General Conference Executive Committee shall have an audit of the financial statements of the General Conference and of the General Conference Corporation conducted by an external auditor at least once each calendar year. The external auditor shall also conduct an annual policy compliance test of these organizations, and shall report annually the results of the financial audit and policy compliance test to the General Conference Executive Committee and to the General Conference at its regular sessions.
227-10GS APPROPRIATIONS - CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS AMENDMENT
The purpose of the proposed amendment clarifies the appropriate Executive Committee and limits General Conference appropriations to the extent permitted by law.
VOTED, To amend the General Conference Constitution and Bylaws, Bylaws, Article XIX—Appropriations, to read as follows:
Sec. 1. The General Conference Executive Committee shall make its regular appropriations to the world field at Annual Councils. These appropriations are to be based on budget requests from the fields.
Sec. 2. Appropriations shall be made subject to the receipt of the full - No change
Sec. 3. Appropriations for major projects shall be held in trust for the - No change
Sec. 4. All funds raised in the divisions, except the regular funds belonging - No change
Sec. 5. To the extent permitted by law, General Conference funds in all the world shall be made available to meet the annual appropriations of the General Conference.
229-10GS INDEMNIFICATION - CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS AMENDMENT
The proposed amendment clarifies the indemnification provisions of the Bylaws extending indemnification to include delegates to the General Conference Session.
VOTED, To amend the General Conference Constitution and Bylaws, Bylaws, Article XXI—Indemnification, to read as follows:
Sec. 1. To the extent permitted by law, the General Conference shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending, or completed action, suit, or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative, or investigative, because he/she is or was a member of the General Conference Executive Committee, a delegate to a General Conference Session, or an officer, employee, or agent of the General Conference against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by him/her in connection with such action, suit, or proceeding if he/she acted in good faith and in a manner he/she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the General Conference, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his/her conduct was unlawful.
Sec. 2. This right of indemnification shall be in addition to, and not exclusive of, all other rights to which such person may be entitled.
Michael L Ryan, Chair
Claude Sabot, Secretary
Larry R Evans, Actions Editor
Tamara K Boward, Recording Secretary